Size: 5 inches
Lifespan: 12 years (females), 3 years (males)
The Chilean rose tarantula is a beautiful spider, usually brown, or reddish in color. They are the most common species of tarantulas kept as pets, and they are one of the most hardy tarantulas as well. These spiders are from desert regions where they hunt for food at night and seek shelter by day. In the wild, these spiders would feed on just about anything they can catch.
The rose tarantula is a terrestrial species so you don’t have to keep plants in its enclosure (unless you want to decorate it). These spiders don’t require too much special attention. These spiders shed depending on age. Spiderlings shed once a month, but older adults only shed every few years. When a tarantula is getting ready to molt it will stop eating. If you think it’s molting remove all food items in the enclosure and raise the humidity. The spider may turn over on its back while molting. This is normal behavior. After shedding don’t touch or feed your tarantula for at least a week as its exoskeleton is soft and can be easily puntured (causing death). Tarantulas will eat other tarantulas so make sure to house them alone. As a side note, try to obtain a captive bred tarantula as wild caught ones may harbor parasites.
Enclosure: Adults can be housed in a 10 gallon enclosure. Spiderlings (babies) can be housed in delicups. Make sure the enclosure isn’t too tall though as a fall could result in death.
Cage Furniture: At least one hidebox is required for these tarantulas to feel secure. However, some may just burrow in the substrate. For substrate you can use sand or a potting soil/moss mix. They will also need a shallow water dish to drink from, but make sure their leg span is at least 3”. If their legspan is less than 3”, use a small, damp cotton ball for water.
A normal incandescent light works fine, these spiders don’t really need a light at all, as long as it’s light in the room during the day. Make sure it’s dark at night so the tarantula can roam though.
A heating device most likely won’t be necessary. Use an under tank heater if needed.
Room temperatures of about 75-85F are fine for these tarantulas.
Keep the humidity at about 50%. This can be obtained by misting the cage once a day (a spray bottle works fine for this). If the spider is molting, the humidity should be around 60-80%.
Adults will take crickets, superworms, and pinky mice. Spiderlings will take pinhead crickets (small crickets). These spiders hunt at night so they might not eat as soon as you put the food item in the enclosure. You will probably need to feed them at least twice a week.
As with all spiders, rose tarantulas are venomous, but they rarely ever bite. I don’t recommend holding them because a drop could kill them. Not to mention, if it does bite, you could be allergic to the venom.
A bite from one of these isn’t fatal to a normal person, but if you’re allergic, it could pose serious problems. There will be times where you’ll need to get your tarantula out though (like when you clean its cage). I recommend scooping them up with a bowl and quickly closing the lid. They can move fast so be sure to close the lid on the bowl before it has a chance to jump out.
I personally have never bred these spiders, but as with most invertebrates, they can do it on their own. Just put a male and a female together. Make sure to keep a close eye on them, otherwise you might just end up with one very fat spider, however after mating the male will die. When breeding tarantulas the question is how to get rid of the spiderlings. They have hundreds of babies to emerge from the egg sac so if you breed them, ask yourself this–What do I do with the spiderlings?
The rose tarantula is a very hardy spider and is easy to care for. This caresheet has covered the basic care of these spiders, but I still recommend buying a book on them before you obtain your tarantula.
The Guide to Owning a Tarantula by Jerry Walls